Photograph No. 66935A: Child survivors of Auschwitz, wearing adult-size prisoner jackets, stand behind a barbed wire fence. Among those pictured are Tomasz Szwarz; Alicja Gruenbaum; Solomon Rozalin; Gita Sztrauss; Wiera Sadler; Marta Wiess; Boro Eksztein; Josef Rozenwaser; Rafael Szlezinger; Gabriel Nejman; Gugiel Appelbaum; Mark Berkowitz (a twin); Pesa Balter; Rut Muszkies (later Webber); Miriam Friedman; and twins Miriam Mozes and Eva Mozes wearing knitted hats. STILL PHOTOGRAPH FROM THE SOVIET FILM of the liberation of Auschwitz, taken by the film unit of the First Ukrainian Front.
To learn more about the photograph, visit United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons, released into the public domain by its author, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Belarussian State Archive of Documentary Film and Photograph.
In contrast to the chaos that marked the evacuation and liquidation of Nazi labor camps in the final weeks of the Third Reich, the evacuation of Auschwitz was, for the most part, carried out according to plan by an SS apparatus that was still functioning effectively. As a result of this operation, the Nazi authorities managed to evacuate approximately 100 thousand prisoners and put them to work as slave laborers for the benefit of the German war economy. They also salvaged a large amount of the loot stored in the camp. About 7 thousand prisoners awaited liberation in the Main Camp, Auschwitz II-Birkenau, and Auschwitz III-Monowitz.
From August 1944 until mid–January 1945, approximately 65 thousand prisoners were evacuated. Among them were almost all the Poles, Russians, and Czechs in the camp (some 15 thousand people). They were employed in various industrial plants in the depths of the Third Reich at tasks that included the expansion of armaments plants in the Harz Mountains and in Austria. In the second half of 1944, the SS authorities devoted a great deal of attention to removing the traces and destroying the evidence of the crimes committed in Auschwitz. They stepped up their existing practice of destroying out-of-date prisoner files and registration forms, and began burning the lists of names of the Jews deported to Auschwitz for immediate extermination.
In September, October, and November 1944, the SS killed some of the Jewish prisoners assigned to the Sonderkommando that operated the crematoria and gas chambers, since they were direct eyewitnesses to extermination. A mutiny broke out on October 7, 1944, during one of the attempts to liquidate Sonderkommando prisoners, as a result of which more than 450 of them died fighting or were killed. Crematorium IV, damaged during the mutiny, was demolished by the end of 1944. Preparations were made in November and December of that year, on orders from Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler, to blow up the three remaining crematoria. Most of the technical installations in the gas chambers and furnace halls of Crematoria II and III were transported into the depths of the Reich after being dismantled. However, Crematorium V and its gas chambers remained in fully operational condition until the second half of January 1945….
While the United Nations has designated January 27th International Holocaust Remembrance Day commemorating the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, such a commemoration (as far as I am concerned) coming from an entity that is largely anti-Semitic, full of Holocaust deniers and holds animus towards the state of Israel is empty.
Because the United Nations spends 364 days a year attacking Israel while welcoming Israel’s enemies into the fold, their faux tribute is meaningless.
I remember my third grade teacher who one day when asked about the numbers on her arm above her wrist made every attempt to explain to her students the Nazis and those dreadful camps. Many of us (I for one) did not fully grasp what she was saying until many years later.
Unfortunately, the mistakes of the past have been forgotten or denied and are being repeated today throughout Europe, the United States and other parts of the world.
I urge everyone to watch the following video. In fact, share it. While watching it, one cannot help but the similarities between Germany leading up to the Holocaust and the fundamental transformation of the United States over the past seven years.
If Barack Obama and the United Nations truly wanted to make a difference, rather than collaborate with Israel’s enemies, he would nail Iran where it hurts to keep them from going after Israel.
At the same time, it is not lost on the world that while Obama negotiates with Iran whose primary agenda is to destroy the state of Israel and the Great Satan (USA), travels to India and then on Saudi Arabia, that neither Obama or Joe Biden will attend tomorrow’s 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz. Instead, Treasury Secretary Jack Lew in delegation of nine, some of whom are Holocaust survivors will attend.
For one who is so concerned about his legacy, Obama’s disdain for not only Benjamin Netanyahu but also the State of Israel has engulfed him to the point that he does not realize that because of his actions against Israel, history will be unforgiving and his legacy forever stained.
This post is for educational purposes only and contains only factual content. The world must not forget and for those who don’t know, they must be taught. Parents, teach your children. They are not learning about the Holocaust in schools. Teach them about atrocities committed that did not have to happen.
Instill in them that “The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.”
Permission to republish granted, www.auschwitz.org.
Source: Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum.